Natural Ecology


The vast woods and shrubbery surrounding the Mingde Reservoir form a natural habitat for numerous bird species. These areas provide birds with places to nest, feed and shade, which also serve as ideal spots for them to hide from predators. In addition, the abundant fish and aquatic life in the reservoir are also an important food source for waterbirds. The tranquil environment of the Mingde Reservoir area is virtually undisturbed by humans, making it an ideal habitat for a variety of bird species.

Thanks to these environmental characteristics, Mingde Reservoir attracts a large number of different bird species, including little grebes, cormorants, yellow-headed herons, great egrets, little egrets, to name a few. This area provides nature lovers with rare bird watching opportunities to appreciate the diverse bird ecology.


Mingde Reservoir has a rich fish ecology. The main reason is that the reservoir has freshwater fish that can reproduce naturally, and fish from upstream rivers will be washed into the reservoir during heavy rains. These characteristics make Mingde Reservoir become an ecologically diverse fish habitat.

According to research, the main fish species in Mingde Reservoir include black carp (also known as black catfish), silver carp, bighead carp (also known as black silver carp, big-headed silver carp) and grass carp (also known as grass carp). In addition to the forementioned, there are many other different fish species in the reservoir. Abundant and diverse fish not only provide a balanced food chain for the ecosystem in the reservoir, but also attract many waterbirds to come for food. This also brings a unique food culture to Mingde Village. Flounder is one of the featured ingredients in Mingde Village, which is often used in restaurants to make various specialty dishes, such as sashimi and fish soup. When you come to Mingde Reservoir, must remember to taste this unique special dish!


In this beautiful natural environment, we can find many iconic plant species, such as camphor tree, bead tree, Taiwanese rain tree, paper mulberry, lupines, machilus zuihoensis, fragrant maple, to name a few.

These diverse plant species not only add unique ecological value to the Mingde Reservoir area, but also play a key role in the ecosystem, providing an important environmental foundation to maintain biodiversity. These plants offer valuable food sources and habitats for numerous wildlife, also serve as living spaces for various creatures.